Figure Skating is a sport in which individuals, pairs, or groups perform spins, jumps, footwork and other intricate and challenging moves on ice. Figure skaters compete at various levels from beginner up to the Olympic level (senior), and at local, national, and international competitions.
The International Skating Union (ISU) regulates international figure skating judging and competitions. Figure skating is an official event in the Winter Olympic Games. Olympic sports in figure skating comprise the following disciplines:
Competition for men and ladies, (wherein skaters perform jumps, spins, step sequences, spirals and other elements in their programs).
Teams consist of a woman and a man. Pairs perform singles elements in unison as well as pair-specific elements such as throw jumps, in which the man ‘throws’ the woman into a jump; lifts, in which a woman is held above the man’s head in one of various grips and positions; pair spins, in which both skaters spin together about a common axis; death spirals, and other elements.
Is again for couples consisting of a woman and a man skating together. Ice dance differs from pairs in focusing on intricate footwork performed in close dance holds, in time with the music. Ice dance lifts must not go above the shoulder.
Is a large and fast-growing discipline of figure skating where 8–20 (the number of skaters on a team depends on the level) skaters skate on ice as a team, moving as one flowing unit at high speeds. The discipline was originally called precision skating in North America because of the emphasis on maintaining precise formations and timing of the group.
ADULT FIGURE SKATING
Is a term used by skating organizations to refer to tests and competitions for amateur ice skaters over 21. The category was originally aimed at skaters who had taken up the sport as adults, but more recently has expanded to include adult skaters performing and competing at an 'elite' level (Adult Masters), many of whom had skated competitively as children or adolescents. In addition, a "Young Adult" category (ages 18 – 20) has been added to many Adult events.
COMPETITIVE SPORT GOVERNING BODY
- (ISU) The International Skating Union is the international governing body for competitive ice skating disciplines, including figure skating, synchronized skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating.
- (ASU) The Asian Skating Union is the Asian governing body for competitive ice skating disciplines, including figure skating, synchronized skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating.
RECREATIONAL SPORT BODY
- (ISIAsia) Ice Skating Institue Asia is the Governing body for recreational ice skating for Asia.
- (ISI) Ice Skating Institute is an international industry trade association encompassing all aspects of the ice skating industry.